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The Delft Safety Group Attend the SAVI Conference and the Launch of 16 Days of Activism

SLF continues to support the efforts of the Delft Safety Group (DSG), who, together with other community based organisations, are taking the lead in advocating for improved safety and other positive social changes in various areas in Delft. The group’s work builds upon a 3-year collaborative partnership with SLF team, exploring how a participatory approach can foster citizen led contributions towards improving safety and security in Delft.

 

Our current project with the DSG aims to continue opening safe spaces for engagement to occur between marginalised groups and other stakeholders including peers, community, business, service providers, funders and government. The work recognises the importance of providing opportunities for citizens to speak out in inclusive and responsive spaces, to break silence and convey a collective citizen perspective around what is really happening in Delft. These opportunities are part and parcel of the journey to enable those who are most marginalized to move away from experiences of exclusion and fear, and to build sustainable and inclusive relationships with government and other duty bearers.

 

On Friday the 24th of November 2017, SLF and the DSG were invited to participate in a 16 Days of Activism Programme with Provincial Parliament. SLF proudly represented the marginalized voices of the Delft community whilst wearing #DelftLivesMatter T-shirts. The objective of this event was to focus on 16 Days of no violence against woman and children. The event allowed various community organisations to network towards future collaborations/partnerships and to engage in gender based work. Organisations were invited to exhibit their work and conduct short presentations. The SLF/DSG collaborative will be presenting their work at an upcoming open day in Parliament on the 9th of December 2017.

 

And once again, the DSG were invited to present at the Safety and Violence Initiative (SaVI) conference, on the theme of Preventing violence and promoting safety in fragile and insecure environments’. The conference took place from 27-28 November at the River Club in Observatory, Cape Town. This DSG  presentation included the first public viewing of “Be the Voice”, one of three collectively made films produced by the group this year that speaks specifically about the risks and the vulnerabilities that community leaders face at the ground level while working in places like Delft. The remaining two films highlight the life threatening challenges that young people continue to face while living in Delft, and the resilience of the human spirit – against all odds. Both of these factors play a key role in driving citizen action against the atrocities and inequalities that occur in their everyday lives.

– By Farida Ryklief and Rory Liedeman

 

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A Conclusion to the “Addressing School Dropout” Project

In 2017, SLF Director Andrew Hartnack has been a research/knowledge partner in the DG Murray Trust’s “Addressing School Dropout” pilot project, which sought to test a number of models to prevent high school learners from leaving school early. Hartnack visited eight NGO-run projects throughout the year to document the work each was doing in schools with grade 8 and 9s. Organisations were based in Cape Town, Paarl, Swellendam, East London, Pietermaritzburg and Tzaneen.

This project yielded great insight into the varying contexts of the South African school system which make learners vulnerable to leaving school before grade 12. It also identified several innovative approaches which reduce the risks of dropout and can work to assist vulnerable learners to do better in school and complete their secondary studies. Hartnack has written several reports and background papers for the DGMT during 2017 and will be publishing some of this material in academic journals in 2018.

Unlocking Land for Micro-Enterprise Growth: A Solution Lab

SLF has embarked on a research project entitled ‘Unlocking Land for Micro-Enterprise Growth’ (ULMEG), which has grown from the findings of our flagship project ‘Formalising Informal Micro Enterprises (FIME). Through FIME we have illustrated ways in which land use management systems have intentionally (as well as unintentionally) reinforced Apartheid era town planning and spatial injustice, instead of nurturing economic growth. Compliance with land management systems is near to impossible for micro enterprises, giving entrepreneurs no choice but to trade illegally. We have termed this reality: ‘Enforced Informalisation’.

In order to gain a deeper understanding of the challenges that current land-related policies bring to entrepreneurship, the ULMEG research process included a visual story-telling workshop, facilitated by members of the SLF team back in October. Four men and six women who run small businesses in the townships of Philippi and Delft participated in the workshop. All of these participants have a strong interest in land use issues and are affected by land management systems in their daily lives. The businesses that they represent include unregistered Early Childhood Development (ECD) centres, informal liquor outlets and trade on the street. SLF Director Dr. Andrew Charman also took part in the workshop, sharing his own story about the obstacles of land policy from the formal small business perspective (SLF). The 10 digital stories that were produced through the participatory visual workshop shed new light on the ways that land use management has an impact on the personal lives and livelihoods of township entrepreneurs. 

To view the final products of the 4 main digital stories, please follow the links below:

  1. A STRUGGLE FOR LAND OWNERSHIP  https://vimeo.com/246094175?ref=tw-share
  2. LANIE’S EDUCARE  https://vimeo.com/246087750?ref=tw-share
  3. LOCKED IN A NUTSHELL  https://vimeo.com/246069753?ref=tw-share
  4. ISIBANE ESIBANE ESIGAPHELELWA OLI https://vimeo.com/245908503?ref=tw-share

For further viewing, check out our SLF Vimeo account for the remaining stories: JOSEPH TAKES A RISK; BROKEN HEART; ZUKISANI’S BUSINESS CHALLENGE; THE CHALLENGE IN OPENING MY BUSINESS; N DONKER DAG IN MY LEWE.

As part of the SLF project ULMEG, SLF in collaboration with UrbanWorks held the first ‘solutions lab’ workshop in Johannesburg on the 22nd of November. The objective of this event is to facilitate a discussion among influential stakeholder from civil society, government and business around the challenge of unlocking land in the township economy. To inform the discussion, SLF/UrbanWorks showcased the results of our research on land systems constraints in Ivory Park. This research details the specific land use systems that impact on business development and enterprise formalisation in 12 case studies. The research output comprised a visual exhibition and a publication available via the SLF website. In addition, the participants were given copies of our study on ‘Post-Apartheid Spatial Inequality’ and shown two of the digital stories on the experience of people seeking to formalise their business in Delft and Philippi. Some of the most memorable quotations from the subsequent discussion were: ‘there is a deep seated structural bias against township business’; within municipalities ‘there is paralysing fear’ which inhibits land use change; millions of urban black South African still don’t possess title deeds whilst ‘the idea that black people can have the same title as whist is still [an] alien [concept]’; ‘not all land is created equal’; and ‘companies have a role in solving.

 

By Nathi Tshabalala and Dr Andrew Charman

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Philippi Trading Plan Project


October saw the Philippi Trading Plan team hold two very successful participatory design workshops. The workshops took place at a sports hall in Philippi with two different groups of street traders from Protea Road and Sheffield Road. The aims of the workshop was to get design ideas from street traders themselves as to how the environment can be improved for trading and to discuss the implications of the BRT road construction. An important aspect in achieving this was understanding what the main issues and challenges are that are keeping informal businesses from growing in Philippi. In teams, participants discussed, modelled, created, drew and imagined a variety of exciting designs both for improving the public environment as well as their individual structures that would allow their businesses to grow. The next step for SLF is to take the design ideas into consideration and, using a combination of appropriate ideas, will present a potential design back to the street traders for feedback. These workshops were thus only the beginning of a long participatory process and relationship with informal traders that will ultimately result in the conception of a vibrant street trading hub in Philippi.

-By Kayla Brown

 

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SLF Wins A Wellcome Public Engagement Award

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Gill Black recently won a Wellcome Public Engagement award which will enable the continuation of SLFs work to engage communities in public health and health science research, throughout 2018. This will be achieved through a participatory and creative project called Bucket Loads of Health which responds to the severe drought and high level water restrictions that are currently affecting the City of Cape Town. The project will bring a team of water microbiologists at Stellenbosch University together with participants from three communities in Cape Town that vary significantly in water availability.

 

In the first phase of the project the community participants will work with audio and visual methods to reflect upon their individual and collective experiences of water shortage and water saving, and communicate their perspectives on the health implications of these practices. The outputs of these innovative engagement methods will include body maps, personal stories, musical narratives and short films, creating multiple platforms for co-learning.

 

A series of interactive workshops between the community participants and water scientists will enable the creative outputs to be shared, and foster dialogue about the health risks associated with using alternative water sources – especially the storage and recycling of rainwater and grey water for household use. These workshops will also provide an opportunity for the scientific team to explain their microbiology research to a public audience, and inspire collective thinking about novel and practical measures to increase the safety of water recycling efforts in different settings.

 

The knowledge and information that is generated through the project will also be relevant and accessible to government representatives and members of other communities in the City. This work will emphasize the importance of public engagement in making scientific research more accessible and relevant to communities and policy makers.

 

We are looking forward to building a new partnership with Professor Wesaal Khan and her team on this project, and sustaining our links with world class scientists at Stellenbosch University.

 

Bucket Loads of Health kicks off in January 2018.

-By Gill Black

Building International Partnerships

In November Leif Petersen and Andrew Charman travelled to Boston, USA where they were keynote speakers at the Northeastern University conference on Social Entrepreneurship. http://theannualseconference.org/. The trip was jointly sponsored by Northeastern University in Boston and Concordia University in Montreal, where visits and meetings were also made. Leif then flew onto Washington DC for a workshop discussion in collaboration with Good Governance Africa (www.gga.org) and George Washington University where they discussed the role of the arts in social development with a view to developing projects together. In returning from North America both gave a joint presentation in London to an audience of development practitioners, academics and students, and Andrew shared SLFs work with colleagues the University of Sheffield. We anticipate that a range of collaborative opportunities will emerge from this highly successful trip.

-By Leif Petersen

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SLF conducted the first ‘Solutions Lab’ in Johannesburg to engage stakeholders from civil society, business and government on strategies through which land can be unlocked to advantage micro-enterprises in the township economy. A second ‘solutions lab’ event will be conducted in Cape Town in late February.

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Open Invitation: Presentation on South Africa’s Informal Economy

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CHECK OUT OUR LATEST REPORT ON POST-APARTHEID SPATIAL INEQUALITY

The report shows how South Africa’s spatially unjust land use systems impact on (informal) micro-enterprises in the township context. The report illustrates the ways in which land use management systems have intentionally and unintentionally reinforced Apartheid era town planning and spatial injustices. For township micro-entrepreneurs, the land related processes which people have to navigate to obtain regulatory compliance resembles a Kafkaesque world: one in which the rules are nightmarishly complex, incomprehensible and illogical. Partly as a result of these challenges, the great majority of township informal micro-enterprises do not comply with land management system requirements and gain few to no benefits in doing so.  Township micro-entrepreneurs have no alternative to trading illegally. We refer to this process as ‘enforced informalisation’.

Based on detailed evidence, the report amplifies the argument that South Africa requires a land use system that can more effectively operationalize the principles of spatial justice and spatial resilience, whilst making allowance for economic marginalisation.  Land systems need to recognise the fluidity of urban conditions and multiple uses of land for business, social, cultural and residential purposes. The report recommends specific ways in which legislation need to be refined, including the need for urban land reform in spatial development frameworks. We recommend that municipalities should simplify land use systems and accommodate mixed land use with greater tolerance for economic activities.  Finally we call on national government to develop a policy framework on micro-enterprise formalisation, specifying land use requirements and specific additional criteria for certain classes of enterprises.

Click here to view the report.

Making All Voices Count research report

Our Making All Voices Count research report has been published.

This report draws on research that has been done at SLF within the past 6 years. It focuses on four case studies which examine challenges faced by marginalised groups and the individuals that campaign on their behalf. These groups include activists against gender-based violence, community care workers and health committee members, informal traders, and Rastafarian bossie doctors. We have worked with these groups through a range of technology-enabled participatory processes to unpack the dense and complex layers that block government accountability in South Africa.

 

Click here to view the report.